Welcome!

This website aims to tell you nearly everything you need (and may ever want) to know about convergent evolution. It allows y ou to explore the way that similar adaptive solutions have repeatedly evolved from unrelated starting points on the tree of life, as though following a metaphorical ‘map’.


We have identified hundreds of examples of convergence, so if you want to learn about convergence in sex (e.g. love-darts), eyes (e.g. camera-eyes in jellyfish), agriculture (e.g. in ants) or gliding (e.g. in lizards and mammals) then this is your best port of call.


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Any of the information presented in the Map of Life may be freely reproduced, as long as it is acknowledged fully. Citation details can be found at the bottom of each Topic page.

Read more about the project...

Male dance flies lure females with a dead insect. Not very romantic, you might think, but it certainly does the trick. Hence, such nuptial gifts have evolved in numerous other arthropods...

Spotlight on Research:

“Multilocus phylogeny and recent rapid radiation of the viviparous sea snakes (Elapidae: Hydrophiinae)”

Kate L. Sanders, Michael S.Y. Lee, Mumpuni, Terry Bertozzi and Arne R. Rasmussen. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66 (2013) 575–591

A new molecular study of viviparous sea-snakes uncovers extensive convergence of feeding adaptations in sea-snakes, in spite of challenges in resolving exact relationships among these rapidly diversifying reptiles.